Editor’s note: Story and map updated with malware data from October 2016.

Ottawa has more malware infections than any other Canadian city and is more than six times above the national average of malware infection rate in October, according to tracking by EnigmaSoftware.com.

“This is a particularly significant jump from one month to the next for one city,” said EnigmaSoftware.com spokesperson Ryan Gerding. “It’s hard to know exactly what causes a spike like that. Sometimes our own customers aren’t sure what they were doing online that led to the infection that ended up on their computer. Sometimes it’s visiting adult websites, sometimes it’s clicking on links in spam emails, it can be a lot of different factors.”

The company’s SpyHunter software detected more than 110,000 infections on Canadian computers in October 2016, reflecting a drop of almost five per cent compared to the previous month. The dip in malware infections continues to drop after a similar decline seen last month.

In terms of city-by-city rankings, Ottawa jumped up from its number six spot to the top spot this month. That spot is usually enjoyed by Trois-Rivieres, Que., which is down in the number six spot this month.

Ottawa retains the top spot for the second month in a row. In fact, it’s worth noting that Ottawa had more malware infections than Toronto, a city with three times the population. Second place Trois-Rivieres, Que. has typically been seen at the top of the charts previously.

Ransomware in Canada

We added this new data layer in April, thanks to some data from the Malwarebytes blog. After finding ransomware being spread by a Hamilton, Ont.-based hospital’s website, Malwarebytes took stock of the ransomware situation across Canada. Researchers have ranked this category of malware as one of the most threatening in Canada for several years now.

Since January, Malwarebytes Anti-Malware software detected more than 10,000 instances of the malware affecting Canadians. It provided a top 10 list of Canadian cities most affected by malware, and we’ve added them to our map (look for the yellow briefcase icons).

Canada’s most malware-infected cities

Ransomware and rogue anti-spyware are the worst types of malware afflicting Canadian computers, EnigmaSoftware.com reports. Ransomware variants like CTB Locker and UKash locks off access to computer files and demands money be sent in order to restore access to the information.

Rogue anti-spyware such as Winfix 10 and PC Speed Maximizer create fraudulent messages claiming a computer is infected and then offers to fix the problem in exchange for money.

Cybercrime in Canada

We’ve also updated our cybercrime map of Canada with a new layer of data, showing the police-reported cybercrime from 2013, the most recent data available from Statistics Canada. The range of cybercrime reported by police services in Canada range from types of fraud to threats to crimes of a sexual nature. In 2013, more than half of all cybercrime reported was described as a fraud violation, with 6,203 offenses out of a total of 11,124 offenses across all categories.

Rounding out the top five most-common cybercrimes committed in 2013: uttering threats (786 offenses), child pornography (761), criminal harrassment (735), and luring a child via a computer (638). In sixth spot, identity fraud was reported 580 times, while identity theft was tallied as a separate category and reported 131 times.

Statistics Canada’s data is reported by police services covering 80 per cent of the Canadian population. In Ontario, police services covering 62 per cent of the population reported cybercrime statistics. Notably, Toronto is not included.

York Region was Canada’s hottest region for cybercrime in 2013, with 716 offences reported there. Following was Vancouver with 574, Ottawa with 509, Halifax with 236, and Hamilton with 231.

IT budgets in Canada

Also new to our map is a layer representing an IDC Canada survey conducted earlier this year. It shows how much different regions in Canada are spending on IT security and how much they’d like to spend. Which region do you think is spending the most on security? Find out and read more analysis over on IT World Canada.

Do you have data you think could add to our Malware Map of Canada? Let us know on Twitter by tweeting @itbusinessca.


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  • Laura Butcher

    Interesting…my in-laws are in Burlington.

    • gisabun

      So you trust them less, right? 🙂

  • Brian Bourne

    So the cities where people actually use computers have a higher infection rate than the cities that don’t. Wow, hard to believe.

  • gisabun

    Those reported cybercrime is not the greatest indicator. Not everyone wants to report something that happened to them.