Provinces that have implemented the enhanced driver’s licence (EDL) and enhanced identification card (EIC) programs to ease cross-border travel are not seeing as much demand for the RFID-enabled cards as anticipated.
Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec and Manitoba have been issuing the technology-embedded identity cards as part of the U.S. Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative requirement that went into effect June 1, 2009.
More than 115,000 RFID-enabled cards have been issued across the four provinces. But that is less than the expected demand, according to ministry contacts. Here is the breakdown of the cards issued or applied for by province:
- Ontario’s Ministry of Transportation has issued 27,053 EDLs as of May 3. A total of 37,647 applications have been received for the card. Ontario doesn’t offer the EIC.
- Manitoba Public Insurance has received 10,000 applications for EICs, and 1,500 applications for EDLs (which it started offering Jan.1), according to latest information.
- Insurance Corporation of B.C. (ICBC) has issued 32,500 EDLs and 2,500 EICs as of April.
- Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ) has issued 42,000 EDLs (called Driver’s Licence Plus in Quebec) according to latest information.
Manitoba expected that about 100,000 residents living a short distance from the border would be interested in the card after focus group testing conducted in 2008 and 2009, says Brian Smiley, media relations coordinator with Manitoba Public Insurance. But as the economy dipped into a recession, Manitobans had less of an appetite for travel.
“More Manitobans have also been applying for passports, since they made the process a bit easier recently,” he says.
The same sentiments were echoed by Adam Grossman, spokesperson for the Insurance Corporation of B.C.
“It’s less than our original expectation would be,” he says. “The process for getting a passport has become a lot simpler than it used to be.”
An example of Ontario’s enhanced driver’s licence, manufactured by Giesecke & Devrient.
The enhanced cards have been criticized by privacy commissioners for the GEN2 RFID chip, which can be read within a vicinity of several meters by any standard chip reader. Saskatchewan chose to scrap its program, citing privacy concerns and expense.
Currently, the cards are issued with a sheath that shields the RFID signal when it’s not needed.
But at this point, provinces are reporting no plans to change the type of RFID chip used.
“We went with the options available at this point, and the on/off chip is not available” Smiley says. “The only information a pirate could glean from this card is a series of numbers.”
The cards emit a string of characters that correspond to a database accessible by border agents. Without the database, no personal information can be attained from the code alone. But privacy advocates have pointed out the code itself is personally identifiable information.
“An on/off switch is not being considered at this time as the current sleeve is meeting its intended purpose of protecting the information on the card while it is in the sleeve,” says an Ontario Ministry of Transportation spokesperson.
Cavoukian has argued that since the sleeve won’t fit in a wallet, no one will actually use it.
Manitoba was also aware of privacy concerns related to the RFID chip, Smiley says.
“We’ve worked very closely with the Manitoba ombudsman regarding the RFID chip and the information being gathered,” he says. “He has signed off on it.”
Despite not issuing as many EDLs as B.C. or Quebec, Ontario is the province where the card is most commonly used at the border. Here are the number of uses of an EDL at a crossing in March, according to the Canada Border Services Agency:
- Ontario – 13,204
- B.C. – 11,137
- Quebec – 9,423
- Manitoba – 122
To give some context to those numbers, Ontario’s Peace Bridge Authority – a single crossing point – reports almost 240,000 cars and trucks crossing from Canada to the U.S. in March. The numbers also don’t take into account EIC use.
Both B.C. and Manitoba expressed an interest in considering a RFID chip with an on/off switch if one becomes commercially available.
“I’m sure we’d take a look at it if it comes out,” says Grossman from Insurance Corporation of B.C.
The chips would have to be proven reliable before implementation, Smiley says.
EDLs cost between $30 and $40 extra in addition to the regular driver’s licence fee. EIC cards are similarly priced.