Telecommuting provides employees with the flexibility and quiet they need to optimize their productivity.
You don’t have to repeat others’ expensive mistakes.
This article presents input that several telecommuting IT professionals shared via e-mail about the benefits the practice brings to the enterprise, processes that help remote workers interact with other team members, and the irritations that twist telecommuters’ shorts in a knot.
1. Telecommuting saves money — truly.
Companies have the potential to benefit financially in a number of ways from supporting telecommuters.
First, fewer people in the corporate office means companies save money on such expenses as rent, furniture and facilities maintenance.
Second, companies open to hiring remote workers benefit from wider—and potentially cheaper—pools of applicants. They can hire qualified workers without regard to their geographic location – an invaluable benefit during a recession.
This “more diverse pool of applicants” includes disabled citizens, 70 per cent of whom are unemployed, primarily due to the lack of accessible transportation to the workplace, especially in rural areas, according to Ed Dodds, a systems architecture consultant, who telecommutes for several different companies that have retained his services.
“Working from home offices outfitted with assistive technologies via broadband and VPN ‘virtually’ eliminates this barrier,” he says.
2. Telecommuters really can be more productive
One of the biggest barriers to telecommuting is convincing the boss that working remotely is not the same thing as slacking off.
Unfortunately, many managers are sure that someone who isn’t visible isn’t working, which creates a taboo around telecommuting.
Katie Albers, a user experience consultant and project manager, wishes IT managers would get over their conviction that “face time = productivity.” That just isn’t so, she says. “I’ve telecommuted and worked in an office and in a cubicle farm. I know that I got my best work done fastest when I telecommuted.
I could take breaks when my brain stopped being productive. If the plumber came, it took 15 minutes to deal with him, not 45 minutes to get home, an hour and a half to stand around while I waited for the work to be done, and another 45 minutes to get back to work.”
Like Albers, most telecommuters believe they are far more productive at home than in the office. Why? It’s quieter, with fewer interruptions.
The dozens of remote workers queried for this story repeatedly underscored this point.
Gloria Willadsen, a freelance UNIX application and embedded systems developer, says her productivity at home is double to triple what it is in the office because of the calm her home affords. “I do heavy algorithm programming, and I need silence while this is happening.
We don’t have silence in our office, but in my home, I have places of perfect peace.”
3. Telecommuting doesn’t work for everyone
Happy telecommuters are the first to tell you that the lifestyle is not for everyone.
Telecommuters need to be self-starters. They need to find alternate ways to interact with peers, and they must believe that the advantages (such as working with a cat on one’s lap) far outweigh the disadvantages (such as missing out on those “brownies in the second-floor kitchen” e-mail messages, or at least on the brownies themselves).
Some managers are resistant to home-based work arrangements because of a bad experience they had in the past. They may have let someone work from home who lacked the necessary self-motivation to telecommute and were burned by it.
IT professionals who telecommute wish IT managers understood that one bad experience shouldn’t be a reason to prohibit it entirely.
“Different people thrive in different environments,” says Kimberly Kohler, a Chicago-area manager and software developer. “Just because telecommuting doesn’t work for you (or your wife, husband, sister, best friend) doesn’t mean it can’t work for anyone.”
One apparent solution is to view telecommuting as a reward for productive office workers.
However, it doesn’t work that way. Some people need the hustle and bustle of an office environment to function at their best and would pine away from loneliness when “rewarded” by working from home.
Instead, telecommuting is simply an option that needs to make sense to the IT professional who is aware of the best environment to inspire his productivity.
4. Trust your people
Emotionally, trust is a key issue for telecommuters. Its absence or presence makes a major difference in a telecommuter’s morale. Melanie Archer, a freelance Web site developer in the San Francisco Bay area, says employers need to treat their telecommuters with respect.
“You’ve hired a grown-up professional who knows how to manage her time. If you treat her like a high school truant, she will seek other employment,” says Archer.
Kohler, the Chicago-based software developer, agrees that trust is critical to successful telecommuting arrangements. It took years of pushing, but she finally got permission to work from home two days a week.
Unfortunately, her boss agreed grudgingly, and it shows in his behaviour. “This definitely affects my morale when working from home or the office. I have been with the company 11 years and am well respected and trusted, yet I feel my telecommuting arrangement is met with suspicion, which makes me feel undervalued.”
5. Hone management skills for telecommuting
Telecommuting is a true test of a manager’s skill. It’s hard enough to measure employee output when the individual is in the office; now supervisors need to add the complexity of doing it from a distance.
And not every manager possesses the necessary skills for keeping tabs on telecommuters.
Elizabeth Ross, director of technology projects execution at AMEC Earth & Environmental, has telecommuted and managed telecommuters. She sees a direct relationship between the strength of a manager and the telecommuting experience.
“Managers who know how to manage resources, subcontractors, etc., can make the situation work, sometimes exceptionally,” she says. “Managers who don’t communicate well, [who] don’t know how to manage their own time well, etc., don’t get around to checking in or managing the telecommuter very well (if at all).”
It’s that latter kind of manager (e.g., the inept manager) who’s typically the least supportive of telecommuting, according to Ross, because the work arrangement highlights the manager’s weaknesses and requires him or her to improve or change his or her style.
For that reason, user experience consultant Albers suggests that only managers “who have demonstrated extraordinary organization and leadership abilities” should be allowed to manage telecommuters.
6. Keep the Telecommuter in the Loop
With all that focus on tasks, don’t lose track of telecommuters’ human needs—especially if they rarely have the opportunity to interact with the rest of the staff. That means taking the time to wish them a happy birthday (even if just by e-mail), expressing concern for problems they encounter and sharing in their joys.
Do whatever you can, in small or large ways, to make telecommuters part of the team.
Lisa Curhan, an operations engineering manager at Sun Microsystems, telecommutes two or three times a month and manages other telecommuters.
She recommends that managers require a telecommuter to get a reasonable amount of face-to-face contact with the manager and the rest of the team to afford the type of communication that can be missed by telephone.
“For my staff, they (without my prompting) make sure they are in person for the weekly staff meeting and some key engineering meetings,” she says.
“If the telecommuter is quite remote, this need would probably be met by a quarterly in-person session. Although some telecommuters only meet yearly in person with their managers, that wouldn’t be my preference.”
Curhan also advises managers to set up regular one-on-one phone meetings—not for the purpose of micromanaging, she says, but to ensure that concerns about the remote management are aired.
7. Tools and technology make a big difference
Interestingly, technology isn’t a barrier when it comes to telecommuting. In fact, it’s what enables employees to work from home (except, of course, when the network or servers go down).
Anyone with an Internet connection (and sometimes a VPN) can get the work done.
But if you want your remote workers to succeed, you have to provide them with the tools they need, and you have to make sure they’re fully integrated into enterprise workflows.
The minimal tool set for remote workers includes:
- a good office phone with a voice-mail system capable of forwarding incoming calls from desk to home office
- a reliable and fast Internet connection
- VPN access to the corporate network
- an intranet that gives access to the information needed for daily job functions
- teleconferencing tools
- presentation-sharing tools
- applications that work remotely
- an instant-messaging (IM) client on which the team standardizes
IM is a particularly useful tool for remote workers and their managers. It helps telecommuters stay connected to the office and their peers. It also enables others to “see” the remote employee at work via an IM screen.
The other advantage of IM is that it enables part-time employees to be available more often, so employers of those part-time workers can potentially get more out of their part-time staff. (And as a longtime telecommuter myself, I suggest you include on that equipment list a good office chair and perhaps even a webcam.)