Canada Customs and Revenue Agency will reduce information sharing in its controversial database of travel information as a concession to concerns from some of the country’s top privacy advocates.
George Radwanski, applauded Wednesday planned changes to the Advance Passenger Information/Passenger Name Record (API/PNR) system. The database created by the CCRA holds information on Canadians as well as foreign travelers entering Canada.
The database, Radwanski said in a prepared statement, “”contains extensive information obtained from airlines, on the foreign travels of all law-abiding Canadians — more than 30 data elements including where and with whom we travel, method of payment for tickets, contact addresses and telephone numbers, even dietary and health-related requirements communicated to the airlines.””
The information is stored for six years.
The CCRA database has been a controversial project since its inception, raising voices of opposition from privacy advocacy groups across Canada. Radwanski has been one of its most outspoken critics and has on numerous occasions criticized the largely unchecked manner in which the CCRA could use the information stored within the database. Although it was created largely under the guise of an anti-terrorism measure, the information within the API/PNR could be shared with other government agencies to monitor for possible tax infractions or other criminal activity.
In a letter to the privacy commissioner, Revenue Minister Elinor Caplan said that information not required for customs purposes, including meals and health information, would be purged from the database.
There will also be changes made to the way the stored information is used, she wrote. API information, meaning the passport information, will continue to be stored for six years but will be restricted to an increasing degree over the time it is kept. Only a select group of “”targeters and intelligence officers”” will have access to the API record, she wrote.
The much more detailed PNR information will also continue to be stored for six years, but access to it will now be regulated depending on the length of time it has been on record.
For the first 72 hours, the information will be used by customs and immigration agents to assess the travelers risk, Radwanski explained. For two years following the information will be accessible to intelligence officers and analysts but it will be depersonalized. It will be shared with other government departments or agencies for non-customs related purposes only if a warrant is obtained. For the last four years the information can only be used in matters related to the security of Canada. It will also remain depersonalized unless the commissioner of the CCRA pe